History & Significant Events

the Neolithic Period 新石器时代

2022-04-03 11:32:25 simyang 2

About 10,000 years ago, the Chinese ancestors entered into the Neolithic Period. More than 7,000 sites, centered in the valleys of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers, are spread over a vast area. The Banpo Site of the Yangshao Culture (5,000 to 7,000 years ago) and the Hemudu Site of the Hemudu Culture (5,300 to 7,000 years ago) are representative of the early Neolithic Period, while the Longshan site (4,000 to 4,500 years ago) is typical of the late Neolithic Period.

The Banpo Site in the Yellow River basin, located in the Banpo village of Xi’an, Shaanxi, dates back 6,000 years and covers an area of about 50,000 square meters. The Banpo people lived in halfburied caves built with wood, branches, or grass, and each had a stove made of clay and a kang, a fire-warmed brick sleeping platform. More than 200 silos used to preserve food were found. Tools and bones were excavated from the site, as were colorful porcelains with geometric patterns and human and animal designs.

The 7,000-year-old Hemudu Site in Hemudu Village, Yuyao, Zhejiang, is typical of the Yangtze River basin settlements, whose stilt style of architecture has for thousands of years been a major architectural form used in areas south of the Yangtze.

In the Neolithic Period, the ancient people widely used stone-made axes, spades, hoes, knives, millstones, and other ground-stone tools. They planted millet, rice, cabbage, mustard, and other crops, and raised pigs, dogs, oxen, goats, chickens, and other livestock.


大约1万年前,中国祖先进入了新石器时代。和黄河山谷为中心的7,000多个遗址分布在广阔的土地上。阂文化的半坡遗址(5000~7000年前)和河牧都文化的河牧渡遗址(5300~7000年前)代表了新石器时代早期,而龙山遗址(4000~4500年前)则是新石器时代晚期的典型代表。河流域的半坡遗址位于陕西省西安市板坡村,其历史可追溯至6000年前占地面积约50000平方米。半坡人住在用木、树枝或草建造的半埋洞穴中,每个洞穴都有一个由粘土和康制成的炉子,一个火加热的砖砌睡眠平台。发现了200多个用于保存食物的筒现场挖掘出工具和骨头,以及带有几何图案以及人类和动物设计的彩色瓷器。于浙江余姚市都村的拥有7000年历史的河都遗址是典型的长江流域聚居地,其高跷风格的建筑风格数千年来一直是长江以南地区使用的主要建筑形式。在新石时代,古人广泛使用石制斧头,锹,锄,刀,磨石和其他磨石工具。们种植小米、水稻卷心菜、芥末和其他作物,并饲养猪、狗、牛、山羊、鸡和其他牲畜。


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