Despite the endless health campaigns to encourage us to cut back, sugar still makes up a third of our calorie intake.
This is deeply worrying, say experts, who are increasingly concerned that our bodies were not designed to take such a sugar overload, and fear it is contributing to many modern ills, including diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
The problem is that sugar is highly addictive, as study after study has shown. Just last week researchers at Yale University revealed that dramatic falls in blood sugar, which occur after eating ‘bad’ carbohydrates such as sweets and biscuits, affect the part of the brain controlling impulse.
This leads to a loss of self control and a subsequent craving for more unhealthy, highcalorie foods.
The researchers said this could help explain the burgeoning global obesity epidemic.
That's the suggestion being made by Dr Jacob Teitelbaum in his book, Beat Sugar Addiction Now!
Dr Teitelbaum has identified four types of sugar addiction. He says they are triggered by different causes, from hormonal changes to infections. 他指出了四种不同种类的糖类上瘾，并表示说这是由不同种分类的原因引起的。
According to the type that best describes you, he suggests a specific action plan to tackle the problem.
Here are the four types — so which one is most like you?
THYROID FAILURE 甲状腺型
DOES THIS SOUND LIKE YOU? You work more than 40 hours a week and feel tired much of the time. A coffee every morning is vital to get you going and you crave sweets or caffeine through the day (you'll also have a non-diet fizzy drink most days).
You are plagued with aches and pains and have frequent headaches. You're also gaining weight and have trouble losing it.
THE PROBLEM: Because you're super busy, with little time for proper meals, you rely on fast food, sugary drinks and snacks to provide a boost. 问题所在：因为你太忙了，没有时间好好吃饭，所以就依靠快餐，甜得饮料还有零食让自己充满动 力。
THE SOLUTION: Caffeine can aggravate sugar addiction (when you come down from an energy ‘high’, you often reach for sugar).
Withdraw gradually by halving coffee consumption each week, until you are on one cup a day, then switch to tea and finally caffeine-free tea.
Drink more water to help flush your system. Ban processed food and white flour, and switch to diet drinks and whole foods such as brown bread, rice, pasta and flour, which take longer for the body to process, keeping blood sugar levels stable and keeping you off the sugar roller coaster.
Getting more sleep optimises energy levels, reduces appetite and slashes sugar cravings. When you are tired, you are more likely to crave sugar to generate energy artificially.
YEAST INVASION 酵母入侵型
DOES THIS SOUND LIKE YOU? It's impossible for you to get through the day without bread or sugar.
You've had a fungal infection, such as thrush or athlete’s foot, that has been difficult to treat — you might also have symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (such as wind, bloating, diarrhoea and/or constipation).
You frequently pop antacids or may have been prescribed steroids (such as Prednisone) for more than a month.
THE PROBLEM: It could be a yeast/candida overgrowth.
If you've had more than your fair share of antibiotics or antacids, there's a strong chance they've triggered an overgrowth of bad bacteria.
Eating sugar makes the yeast multiply, so intensifying cravings and creating a vicious circle.
THE SOLUTION: You need to cut back on all forms of sugar, as well as caffeine, and switch to a low GI wholefood diet.
DOES THIS SOUND LIKE YOU? You're irritable when you're hungry; you also often feel stressed. Sometimes you feel dizzy when you stand up. As well as suffering from recurrent sore throats and swollen glands, you may often be thirsty and have to urinate frequently.
THE PROBLEM: You could be suffering from adrenal ‘overload’. The job of our adrenal glands is to pump out the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol when we're under pressure.
THE SOLUTION: Graze on small, high-protein meals throughout the day (snack on nuts, cheese or eggs). This should keep energy levels on an even keel, making it easier to cut back on sugar. Try to reduce stress levels.
MENOPAUSE OR PMT
DOES THIS SOUND LIKE YOU? You're a woman aged 38 or over. You suffer from low mood and reduced sex drive — your periods have been getting irregular or changing (and the week before it starts you experience insomnia, headaches, fatigue and hot flushes).
THE PROBLEM: You may be experiencing the menopause, perimenopause (the lead-up to the menopause) or pre-menstrual tension.
This can cause sugar cravings to soar, leaving you tired, irritable and miserable when you do eat sugar.
THE SOLUTION: Cut down on sugar as much as possible, but if you suffer from premenstrual tension, try taking vitamin B6 (200mg a day), too. 解决方案：尽可能减少对糖的依靠，但是如果你确实感到了经前焦虑，可以试着每天服用200 毫克的维生素B6。
If you cut out sugar, you will be allowing your body to make prostaglandin more effectively.
invasion n. 侵入，侵略
control n. 克制，控制，管制，操作装置
switch n. 开关，转换，鞭子 v. 转换，改
circle n. 圈子，圆周，循环 v. 环绕，盘
irregular n. 不合规格之物 adj. 不规则的，
encourage vt. 鼓励，促进，支持
withdraw vt. 撤回，取回，撤退 vi. 退回，
beat v. 打败，战胜，打，敲打，跳动
tension n. 紧张，拉力，张力，紧张状态
craving n. 渴望，热望 动词 crave的现在分词